7th Experimental Archaeology Conference Abstract – Schenck and Horn

Experiments with hafting of Scandinavian Funnel Beaker Flint halberds

Tine Schenck 1 and Christian Horn2

1University of Exeter

2Göteborgs universitet

This paper will present experiments conducted in August 2012 with the supposed flint halberds of South Scandinavian Funnel Beaker Culture. The experiments were designed to target the issue of an assumed transverse hafting of the blades through functional testing and use-wear analysis. Such hafting trace will be a determining feature for separating the halberd blades from multifunctional daggers and spearh eads, which will not yield the same hafting diagnostics and use-wear. When the flint blades are proven hafted in this manner, we are faced with a pure form of weaponry in an Early Neolithic context of the North. This is an earlier stage than first assumed for organised warfare, and raises questions about planned, human conflict as a means of exchange in a period of prehistory not previously thought to have instituted violence as part of their societal structure and negotiation systems.

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