8th Experimental Archaeology Conference poster abstract – Orłowska and Osipowicz

Methods of using antler hammer adzes in Mesolithic Orlowska and Ospiowicz

Methods of using antler hammer adzes in Mesolithic

Justyna Orłowska & Grzegorz Osipowicz

Institute of Archaeology, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Szosa Bydgoska 44/48, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

A PDF of this poster is available to download here.

The occurrence of antler artefacts on prehistoric European archaeological sites is one of the most interesting evidence of highly developed manufacturing system in these times. Among the wide range of different categories of such artefacts, especially interesting, on account of the way of using, tend to be hammer adzes made of antler which are known from the Mesolithic archaeological sites (e.g. David 2004; Pratsch S. 2011; Kabaciński, David, Makowiecki, Schild, Sobkowiak-Tabaka, Winiarska-Kabacińska 2008). The main goal of our experimental program was to verify the existing theories about the possible ways of use of such a artefacts (e.g. Korobkova 1999), taking into account the three basic functions – utilitarian, combat and prestigious. For this purpose, a series of experiments were carried out including chopping/striking wood, meat, bone etc. The study was complemented with use-wear analysis, which allowed to document and study, all of the use-wear traces occurring during the using replicas of Mesolithic artefacts which have been made. The preliminary results of the selected experiments is the basis of this poster.

David E. 2004 Fiche Transformation des matières dures d’origine animale dans le Mésolithique de l’Europe du Nord, [w:] Fiches de la Commission de Nomenclature de l’Industrie Osseuse, Cahier XI «Matières et Techniques», Industrie de l’Os Préhistorique, D. Ramseyer red., Paris, s. 113–149.

Kabaciński, David, Makowiecki, Schild, Sobkowiak-Tabaka, Winiarska-Kabacińska 2008 Stanowisko mezolityczne z okresu Borealnego w Krzyżu Wielkopolskim, [w:] Archeologia Polski, t. LIII: 2008, z. 2, s. 243-288

Korobkova, G.F. 1999 Narzędzia w pradziejach. Podstawy badania funkcji metodą traseologiczną. Toruń.

Pratsch S. 2011 Mesolithic antler artefacts in the North European Plain. in: Baron, Justyna & Kufel-Diakowska, Bernadeta (eds.): Written in Bones. Studies on technological and social context of past faunal skeletal remains, 79-92, Wroclaw


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