9th Experimental Archaeology Conference abstract – D’Oronzo
Experimental replicas of cooking platforms: hypotheses on making procedures and use
Università del Salento
Several hearths structures – better defined as cooking platforms – were found during the archaeological investigations of Central and Southern Italian sites pertaining to the Bronze Age settlements; they were identified especially in the multi-activities open spaces and inside the huts (Cazzella, Recchia 2008). Usually, these installations have a base made from layers of stones and/or pottery fragments then covered with mud or clay (D’Oronzo, Fiorentino 2010).
Contextual analysis of pottery, stone tools and bio-archaeological remains (animal bones and vegetal remains) show a wide range of activities, while the archaeometric analyses of the structures sometimes reveal the selection of specific kinds of clay (Moffa 2002; D’Oronzo, Fiorentino 2010).
However, the high variability in cooking platforms shape and the different kind of artifacts and ecofacts associations do not allow to attribute their use neither to direct or indirect cooking food procedures, nor to other possible activities.
For this reason, experimental replicas were made, establishing an experimental protocol in order to understand making procedures and functioning of the cooking platforms (Fiorentino, D’Oronzo 2010).
Cazzella A., Recchia G. 2008, A fuoco lento: strutture di combustione nell’abitato dell’età del Bronzo di Coppa Nevigata (Manfredonia), in Fiorentino G., Magri D., edited by, , III International Meeting of Anthracology, BAR International Series 1807, Oxford, pp. 53-61
D’Oronzo C., Fiorentino G. 2010, Archaeobotanical and spatial analysis of functional activities near hearth structures: the Bronze age settlements of Coppa nevigata and Oratino (Italy), in Delhon Cl., Théry-Parisot I., Thiébault S. (eds.) , Des hommes et des plantes: Exploitation du milieu et gestion des ressources végétales de la Préhistoire à nos jours, Actes des XXX Rencontres Internationales D’Archeologie et d’Histoire d’Antibes, Antibes, pp. 85- 99
Fiorentino G., D’Oronzo C. 2010; An archaeobotanical and experimental approach to identifying successive fire events in hearth structures in the sanctuary of Apollo in Hierapolis (Turkey), in Théry-Parisot I., Chabal L. & Costamagno S. (eds.), The taphonomy of burned organic residues and combustion features in archaeological contexts, Proceedings of the round table, Valbonne, May 27-29 2008, P@lethnologie, 2, 59-68
Moffa C. 2002, L’Organizzazione dello spazio sull’acropoli di Broglio di Trebisacce. Dallo studio delle strutture e dei manufatti in impasto di fango all’analisi della distribuzione dei reperti, Grandi contesti e problemi della Protostoria italiana, 6, All’insegna del Giglio, Firenze